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2024年07月英语阅读

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maroon 

 

2024-07-02

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《资治通鉴》读书笔记04 汉纪(2)

 

 2024-06-26
第02册(共18册)
卷第17 汉纪9
p626
冬,十月,诏举贤良方正直言极谏之士,上亲策问以古今治道,对者百馀人。广川董仲舒对曰:“道者,所繇适于治之路也,仁、义、礼、乐,皆其具也。故圣王已没,而子孙长久,安宁数百岁,此皆礼乐教化之功也。
p628
孔子曰:‘凤鸟不至,河不出图,吾已矣夫!’自悲可致此物,而身卑贱不得致也。

*****notes:
①凤鸟:传说中的一种神鸟。凤鸟出现就预示天下太平。
②河图:传说圣人受命,黄河就出现图画,即八卦图。《尚书顾命》孔安国注:“河图,八卦。伏羲王天下,龙马出河,遂则其文以画八卦,谓之河图。
【翻译】 孔子说:“凤凰不飞来了,黄河中没有出现图画,我这一生也就完了吧!”

孔子的一生都以“克己复礼”为己任,为恢复周礼而奔波,并去各个国家献计献策。然而,他的意见和思想很少被当时的国君采纳。周游列国,可谓处处碰壁。到了垂暮之年,也没能迎来一位欣赏他的明主,孔子不由得发出了“吾已矣夫”的无奈感慨。
“凤鸟不至,河不出图”是句隐语,意思是圣人不出。据古史记载,伏羲王天下,龙马背负河图洛书出来;舜帝在位时,凤凰来仪;周文王治政,凤鸣岐山。孔子借用这些典故,言下之意是当时缺少舜、文王这样的圣君明主。世上无明主,像孔子这样德才兼备的贤能之士也就无人赏识,没有用武之地。
详见 https://lunyu.5000yan.com/9-9.html
***** end of the notes
p628-630
凡以教化不立而万民不正也。夫万民之从利也,如水之走下,不以教化堤防之,不能止也。古之王者明于此,故南面而治天下,莫不以教化为大务。立太学以教于国,设痒序以化于邑,渐民以仁,摩民以谊,节民以礼,故其刑罚甚轻而禁不犯者,教化行而习俗美也。圣王之继乱世也,扫除其迹而悉去之,复修教化而崇起之;教化已明,习俗已成,子孙循之,行五六百岁尚示败也。秦灭先圣之道,为苟且之治,故立十四年而亡,其遗毒馀烈至今未灭,习俗薄恶,人民嚣顽,抵冒殊扞,熟烂如此之甚者也。窃譬之:琴瑟不调,甚者必解而更张之,乃可鼓也;为政而不行,甚者必变而更化之,乃可理也。故汉得天下以来,常欲治而至今不可善治者,失之于当更化而不更化也。

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 The Apple Watch Series 10 could be the biggest Apple Watch upgrade in years
阅读日期:2024-06-19

读书笔记 :苹果手表10功能展望


Notably, the upcoming smartwatch won’t only be thinner, but will also introduce new size options. It will reportedly be offered in 45mm and 49mm sizes, up from the 41mm and 45mm variants that Apple currently offers for the Apple Watch Series 9. (更薄)
Another crucial change is that Apple will shift to 3D-printed parts for its upcoming smartwatch portfolio due to lowered production costs. Intensive testing over the past year has significantly improved the production efficiency of 3D printing. (3D打印技术应用以降低成本)
Regarding the smartwatch, the leak landscape has been relatively quiet about new fitness and biosensing capabilities. According to Bloomberg, the Apple Watch Series 10 (or Apple Watch X) will also embrace a new band attachment design that requires magnetic parts. (健身及生物传感能力、表带磁吸)
It seems that the hardware charges — which include a larger, but thinner chassis — will accompany yet another crucial upgrade. “People involved in the development of new Apple Watches say the system takes up a considerable amount of space that could be better filled with a bigger battery or other components,” says the Bloomberg report.
Apple is also said to be ditching the OLED panel in favor of microLED screens for the smartwatch. On the wellness side, the report mentions blood pressure sensing, a feature that the likes of Samsung and Huawei already offer on their respective smartwatches. (血压功能)
Experts tell Digital Trends that blood glucose analysis is currently the moonshot, but promising progress is also being made in the field of microfluidics. The most notable objective is to develop noninvasive methods for measuring biomarkers like blood glucose level and alcohol concentration. Another objective is for the watch to perform sweat analysis.
(血糖检测;无创检测血糖及酒精浓度;汗液分析详见文末的中国学者发表在自然杂志上的文章。)
The latter is itself a mine of crucial health and workout data and could be particularly appealing for athletes. Right now, there is no concrete leak around the asking price, but given the recent wave of Apple products that have embraced a design refresh, we can safely expect a generation-over-generation price hike for the Apple Watch X as well.
Apple’s next hardware event will likely take place in the fall, and will likely serve as the launch platform for the iPhone 16 and possibly a few Mac updates as well.

 

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《资治通鉴》读书笔记03 汉纪(1)

汉记1 2024-06-12

汉记2 2024-06-13

汉记3 2024-06-14

汉记4 2024-06-15

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2024年06月英语阅读

20240611 苹果加入人工智能,Fray这个词形象

 Apple Jumps Into A.I. Fray With Apple Intelligence
The iPhone maker, which has been slow to embrace artificial intelligence, will weave it into the technology that runs on billions of devices.

fray  longman解释

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《过秦论》汉   贾谊  

 秦孝公据崤函之固,拥雍州之地,君臣固守以窥周室,有席卷天下,包举宇内,囊括四海之意,并吞八荒之心。当是时也,商君佐之,内立法度,务耕织,修守战之具,外连衡而斗诸侯。于是秦人拱手而取西河之外。
孝公既没,惠文、武、昭襄蒙故业,因遗策,南取汉中,西举巴、蜀,东割膏腴之地,北收要害之郡。诸侯恐惧,会盟而谋弱秦,不爱珍器重宝肥饶之地,以致天下之士,合从缔交,相与为一。当此之时,齐有孟尝,赵有平原,楚有春申,魏有信陵。此四君者,皆明智而忠信,宽厚而爱人,尊贤而重士,约从离衡,兼韩、魏、燕、楚、齐、赵、宋、卫、中山之众。于是六国之士,有宁越、徐尚、苏秦、杜赫之属为之谋,齐明、周最、陈轸、召滑、楼缓、翟景、苏厉、乐毅之徒通其意,吴起、孙膑、带佗、倪良、王廖、田忌、廉颇、赵奢之伦制其兵。尝以十倍之地,百万之众,叩关而攻秦。秦人开关延敌,九国之师,逡巡而不敢进。秦无亡矢遗镞之费,而天下诸侯已困矣。于是从散约败,争割地而赂秦。秦有余力而制其弊,追亡逐北,伏尸百万,流血漂橹;因利乘便,宰割天下,分裂山河。强国请服,弱国入朝。
延及孝文王、庄襄王,享国之日浅,国家无事。
及至始皇,奋六世之余烈,振长策而御宇内,吞二周而亡诸侯,履至尊而制六合,执敲扑而鞭笞天下,威振四海。南取百越之地,以为桂林、象郡;百越之君,俯首系颈,委命下吏。乃使蒙恬北筑长城而守藩篱,却匈奴七百余里;胡人不敢南下而牧马,士不敢弯弓而报怨。于是废先王之道,焚百家之言,以愚黔首;隳名城,杀豪杰;收天下之兵,聚之咸阳,销锋镝,铸以为金人十二,以弱天下之民。然后践华为城,因河为池,据亿丈之城,临不测之渊,以为固。良将劲弩守要害之处,信臣精卒陈利兵而谁何。天下已定,始皇之心,自以为关中之固,金城千里,子孙帝王万世之业也。
始皇既没,余威震于殊俗。然陈涉瓮牖绳枢之子,氓隶之人,而迁徙之徒也;才能不及中人,非有仲尼,墨翟之贤,陶朱、猗顿之富;蹑足行伍之间,而倔起阡陌之中,率疲弊之卒,将数百之众,转而攻秦;斩木为兵,揭竿为旗,天下云集响应,赢粮而景从。山东豪俊遂并起而亡秦族矣。
且夫天下非小弱也,雍州之地,崤函之固,自若也。陈涉之位,非尊于齐、楚、燕、赵、韩、魏、宋、卫、中山之君也;锄櫌棘矜,非铦于钩戟长铩也;谪戍之众,非抗于九国之师也;深谋远虑,行军用兵之道,非及向时之士也。然而成败异变,功业相反,何也?试使山东之国与陈涉度长絜大,比权量力,则不可同年而语矣。然秦以区区之地,致万乘之势,序八州而朝同列,百有余年矣;然后以六合为家,崤函为宫;一夫作难而七庙隳,身死人手,为天下笑者,何也?仁义不施而攻守之势异也。

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python学习加密日志

该日志是加密日志,需要输入正确密码才可以查看!
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